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How to start a business in India ?


How to start a business in India?
What Is Business
       Business is an activity through which we generate revenue by selling or exchanging our product/services. It could be an organisation, company, firm or an enterprise that is formed or designed to develop certain product/services and deliver those products/ services to customer with the exchange of money. The buying selling process is called business.

Chose A Business
First of all you need to decide what type of business you want to do? It’s obvious we should go for the one in which we must have some expertise. We must have the complete knowledge of that business. If we don’t have, then first we need to collect some basic info as well as do some market research before starting. Generally we divide all business into two categories- PRODUCT & SERVICES. In product category we need to sell our product while on the other hand, in service category we need to provide services directly or indirectly to our customers.
Do Market Research
The most crucial thing is market research. As per our product or services we need to identify our TARGET AUDIENCE. After choosing the target audience we should also focus on TARGET MARKET and understand the DEMAND of our product. Finding the COMPETITIVE REVIEW is also most important thing, through which you can decide the PRICING of your product/services and present it to your target group in a better way.
Business Location
Choosing the location for your business is also important. After doing the research you can understand the demand of your product in that particular location and target the nearby areas as well.
Chose A Name
Choosing the name of your BRAND is also another important thing. The name should be related to your product & reflect your work. That should be spoken easily, as people can pronounce it properly and can recommend it to others. Also they will feel comfortable while remember it. So always choose an easy name for your product/services.
Investment Amount
You should start your business as per your budget. Budget should be different for each work. Starting from registration to raw material purchase, office maintenance, staff salary and marketing strategies you have to keep your budget separately. It may take 6 months to 1 yr to reach at the break even point, so you have to be prepared according to that.

Registration
It’s the 1st brick of your building. After doing all these works you need to register your business/company. Company can be registered in following ways

A.    Sole Proprietorship: - Sole means individual. Proprietorship, the owner of that business. It’s registered when the company is going to be operated or run by an individual. There are very less compliance in it and opportunities to get benefits in taxation too.
B.    Partnership firm: - Firm registration is needed when a company is going to be managed by two or more people and everyone is considered as partner. These firms are governed by the Indian Partnership Act, 1932.
C.    LLP (Limited Liability Partnership):- It’s a partnership firm registered with MCA (Ministry of corporate Affairs). LLP means your liabilities are limited and you are restricted to invest in company. Here the partners are owners and manages the company. In LLP only the partners can invest into the business. In LLP there are very less compliance.
D.    Private Limited: - It’s also registered with MCA (Ministry of corporate Affairs) and called a private company. The minimum paid of capital should be Rs. 1,00,000 for private limited company. There could be minimum of 2 and maximum of 200 members in a private limited Company. A private limited company’s director can be the director of many companies as he wants. Here the director will be the manager and the partners will be the shareholders. Here they can collect the investments from outside by giving the shares of their company. In a private limited company we have to follow few basic guidelines of govt. like compulsory audit (with computation, balance sheet & audit report), filing ROC and other legal documents. Here the compliance are more in comparison to LLP.
E.    Public Limited: - It’s not a private company and shares can be transferred easily. There should be minimum of 7 and maximum no limits of shareholders. There must be minimum of 3 directors in a public ltd. company. The minimum paid of capital for a public limited company should be Rs. 5, 00,000. A public limited company’s director can be a director of maximum 15 companies. It requires a TRADING CERTIFICATE after registration to start it’s business.

Other Registrations
GST: - GST registration is mandatory for those who are selling their product/services outside of their state or if their turnover is more than 20 Lakhs. If you are applying for any government/ corporate tenders then also you need the GST registration.
PAN: - PAN is always considering as ID proof. You can say a financial ID proof. Basically it’s required while we are filing income tax, but at the time of bank account, vehicle purchase, vendor registration, wherever you need to submit KYC, PAN is compulsory. A company pan card is essential for company’s income tax filing.
TIN: - TIN is required for deduction of TDS. There are different slabs government has fixed for different business. The companies who ll deduct the TDS from the gross value of your invoice need to provide the TDS certificate through which you can claim the deducted value at the time of filing income tax.
Trademark Registration: - Trademark is a brand name, logo, symbol or design that we use for our product or services. It makes our product different from other competitive brands. In short it’s a copyright of your product/brand. The validity of trademark is for 10 yrs after that you have to renew it again.
Trade License: - Generally Trade Licence is issued by the state govt. (Municipality). It’s a mandatory registration to run a particular business.
ISO certified:-
  
Bank Account: - For any business we need to open a bank account. If it’s sole proprietorship then you can continue with your saving account else you have to go with a current account, what you can open with the minimum balance of Rs. 5000/ Rs. 10000. The transaction will help you in future if you are looking for a loan.
Office Stationery: - Office stationery (Such as – Letterhead, Money Receipt, Visiting Card, Debit/Credit voucher) are also very crucial for any business.
Website: - Website is a kind of digital visiting card. It gives you global presence and a platform through which people can contact you and get information about your product/business. Through a good website you can also sell your product or services.

Different wings of a company


HR & Admin – The team handles all the administrative functions of a company. The HR handles the recruitment process, payroll, salary, increment, PF, ESI and other employee benefits also. They arranges regular training programmes for their employees as well as take care of all their needs, they are the co-coordinator among all departments and responsible to solve their problems. They Arrange picnic, games & other social activities to keep their employees fresh and familiar. There is also a grievance team who listen to their employees and shutout all the conflicts as well as small official issues.
IT: - The IT department handles all the software and hardware related queries. The maintenance of computers, installation of software (according to the need of employees) and proper networking among all systems are their primary work.
Production: - The production department is the core part of a company. It’s responsible for the manufacturing of product in time with the proper guidance of a company, by selling which company can generate revenue. They are responsible for maintaining quality as well as taking care of all machines and other technical equipment. Delivering products to dealers and distributors are also their responsibility.
Distribution: - Distribution is related to production and as important as marketing. The team is responsible to distribute the product in time. Whatever orders the sales team will bring, it’s the responsibility of distribution team to deliver the product in time.
Marketing & Sales: - Marketing and sales are both different things. Making strategies to sale a product is marketing and sale is where we exchange our product/service with money. The role of a marketing manager is to develop unique ideas and implement those to increase the demand of that product among consumers, which will help the sales team to sale it. The offers/discounts and free things are designed by the marketing team. The marketing team design the price and decide how much to expense in advertising and promotions. The sales team is responsible for selling products as well as taking care of all dealers & distributors. They are the only team who interact with the consumers and understand their needs directly and indirectly. They are the face of any company. The performance of a company is majorly depends on the sale & marketing team
Accounts: - This is also a vital part of a company. A company always needs to be strong in accounts. The accounts department keeps all the track records of a company’s account. The details of sale/purchase, marketing expenses, salary expenses, production expenses as well as payment of all parties, tax payment and making report of all are their primary work. They are responsible of tracking payments, credits and allotment of budget to each department. Generally the budget can be designed annually, half yearly and quarterly and can be change if needed.

These are the basics you need to know before starting a company. But what’s most important is your experience. So need to gain some practical knowledge before starting a company. There are also different schemes lunched by our government through which you can attained free training camps and be an entrepreneur.


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